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Erotism and sexuality in the ”Golden Age” – Ceaușescu’s dictatorship, 1965-1989

Coming soon book:

The present project, researching the themes of erotism and sexuality represented in visual culture during the communist period of ”Golden Age” marked by the politics of Nicolae Ceaușescu, explores the rich visual dialogue between multiple aspects like: power, pro-natalist policy, family, taboos, permissiveness, censorship, illegalities, intimate pleasures and liberties. The research is following the dynamics of the artistic context related to the social phenomena and public policies as demographic policy of pro-birth and fertility.

In Ceaușescu`s time there were radical changes in the country concerning monogamous family model, unwanted children in orphanages, repelling prostitution, abortion cases rising, questioning women’s rights and social equity, demographic boom of “Decreței” generation (children born under the famous ”abortion decree”).

Thus, the terms of eroticism and sexuality connect difficult components of private and social life.

Some of the artists nominated in the project are: Marcel Chirnoagă, Sabin Bălașa, Aurel Bulacu, Gheorghe Boțan, Florin Mitroi, Marcel Olinescu, Ion Panaitescu, Nae Săftoiu, Henry Mavrodin, Mihai Rusu, Vladimir Șetran, Dan Erceanu, Vasile Socoliuc, Tiberiu Nicorescu, Ion Grigorescu, and others.

From the analysis of the visual representations, several filtres were identified: conjugal love, maternal love, LGBT love, patriotic love. Furthermore, as a general observation, a phenomenon of asexualisation and exagerate pudibonderie, of moral censorship regarding the working class’ without-pleasure reproduction was developed in those times.

The visual culture of the Golden Age must be examined in direct connection with the restrictive legislative context and with the social phenomena, ideologically and propagandistically generated by the Romanian Communist Party.

Cosmin Nasui, Cristian Vasile, Erotism and sexuality in the ”Golden Age” – Ceaușescu’s dictatorship, 1965-1989
Format: 165×235 mm
Paper: Offset 250gr/mp and offset 90g/mp
Ilustrations: 120 color and 50 black and white
160 pages
PostModernism Museum Publishing House, 2017
ISBN 978-606-93751-5-0